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Information below is the lot/description information from our Louisiana Purchase Auction™, November 20 & 21, 2010. Descriptions listed below are NOT guaranteed accurate. Call 1-800-467-5329 for general information on Neal Auction Company. Follow the catalogue link to order our beautifully illustrated catalogue.
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Image Of Lot 0017

Image Of Lot 0017

17. Jean-Baptiste Isabey (French, 1767-1855), "Napoléon Bonaparte, Premier Consul de la Republique Française", watercolor miniature on ivory, signed and dated "1801" lower left, signed, dated and inscribed en verso, 4 1/4 in. x 3 1/4 in., in a period frame with fine enamel reverse. $1000/1500
Note: Isabey left his hometown of Nancy to work as a miniaturist in Paris. An accomplished and promising artist, he eventually entered the studio of the great Neo-Classical painter Jacques-Louis David (French, 1748-1825). It is testament to Isabey's talent that a painter of David's stature and stylistic approach would accept a miniaturist as a student.Isabey was soon one of the favored painters of the Court of Louis XVI, creating exquisitely rendered miniature portraits of the royal family and the various members of the French and Austrian aristocracy. He became so enmeshed in Court life that not only did he supply drawing lessons to the ladies of the court, he also frequently designed costumes and arranged festivities.
Despite his prominent position in the Royal Court, Isabey was able to remain publicly politically neutral. Though he continued a Royalist at heart, he soon received commissions from the men and women associated with the republic of Napoleon and, as seen in the present lot, Napoleon himself.
Isabey regularly exhibited at the Paris Salon. He was made a commander of the Legion of Honor, and supplied with a life pension, by Napoleon III.
Reference: Benezit. Dictionnaire des Peintres, Librairie Grund, 1976, vol. V pp. 730-732.
Image Of Lot 0018 18. French School, 19th c., "Portrait of the Empress Josephine", miniature watercolor on ivory, signed "Tanny" with a "Galerie Hautecoeur, Paris" label en verso of liner, 2 3/4 in. x 2 3/4 in., in fine period easel frame. $300/500
Image Of Lot 0019 19. Joseph Karl Stieler (German, 1781-1858), "King Ludwig II of Bavaria", miniature watercolor on ivory, signed mid right, 3 1/4 in. x 2 1/2 in., in the original fine mother of pearl and scrollwork filigree bronze frame. $400/600
Note: Stieler was from a family of engravers and received his early training from his father. He later studied in Wurzburg and Vienna before entering the atelier of Francois Gérard (French, 1770-1830) in Paris; it was during his time in France that he began to develop his distinctive, emotionally intense style of portraiture. Stieler concentrated on the features of the sitter, often leaving backgrounds and other superfluous elements dark or intentionally indistinguishable. This technique causes the viewer to focus instantly on the face and creates a sense of vibrancy and immediacy; this is true of both his miniature and full-scale work.In 1820, Stieler was named the Official Painter of the Austrian Court.
Reference: Bénézit. Dictionnaire des Peintres, Librairie Grund, 1976, vol. IX p. 832.
Image Of Lot 0020 20. Continental School, 19th c., "Woman with a Guitar", a fine miniature watercolor on ivory, faintly signed "...rezier" lower left, 3 3/4 in. x 2 7/8 in., in a wooden frame with ormolu liner. $400/600
Image Of Lot 0021

Image Of Lot 0021

21. English School, 19th c., "Lieutenant Henry Rutherford, Royal Navy", miniature watercolor on ivory, initialed "T.J." lower right, old handwritten inscription en verso: "Henry Rutherford, Lieutenant, R.N., of the last century, who, in command of a gun-boat, "went to the bottom", by hoisting too much the sails, while giving chase to the enemy", sight 2 1/4 in. x 1 3/4 in., framed. $200/300
Image Of Lot 0322

Image Of Lot 0322

Image Of Lot 0322

322. Auguste Edouart (French, 1789-1861, active New Orleans 1842 and 1844), a group of four Silhouettes of the Children of Benjamin Farrar Young and Martha Jane Wade Young/Catherine Semple Young, including: "Mary Allison Young", signed and dated "17 Jan. 1844" lower left, inscribed "Natchez Mis." lower right; "Robert Temple Young", signed and inscribed "taken at N. Orleans" lower left, titled and dated "Jan. 17, 1844" lower right; "Robert Wade Young", signed, dated "1844" and "Jan. 17, 1844" and inscribed "taken at N. Orleans " lower left, titled, inscribed "New Orleans", and dated " 17 Jan. 1844" lower right; and "William Gosser Young and His Dog Bonnie", signed and inscribed "New Orleans Jan 1844" lower left, titled, inscribed "N.O." and dated "21 Jan 1844 " lower right, each sight 6 in. x 5 1/2 in.; two with "The Collection of American Silhouette Portraits/ Cut by August Edourd [sic]/Exhibited by Arthur S. Vernay/12 East 45th St./New York/ from Oct 27 to Nov 15, 1913" labels en verso, all four in fine original carved maple frames, together with E. Nevill Jackson. The History of Silhouettes, London: The Connoisseur, 1921. Arthur S. Vernay Gallery, New York. Exhibition Catalog-American Silhouettes by August Edouart, 1913. $8000/12000
The figure adds materially to the effect that produces a likeness, and combines with the outline of the face to render, as it were, a double likeness in the same subject. From this combination of face and figure arises the pleasing and not less surprising result of a striking resemblance.‹ Auguste Edouart
Note: A decorated soldier under Napoleon Bonaparte, Edouart fled France after the French leader was exiled to Elba. Arriving in England in 1815, he set up shop as an artisan creating intricate and delicate weavings of hair to incorporate into memorial or mourning jewelry. He eventually discovered paper cutting and realized it was a more profitable - and less time consuming - art than hair weaving. Edouart soon made a name for himself as a silhouettist, a term he created because he found the then-common English phrase "black-shade man" offensive.
In 1839, Edouart arrived in America for a ten year visit. He traveled across the country creating silhouettes of many prominent members of society, politics, and the arts. He spent time in most major cities; his delightful silhouettes of the Young children were produced during his time in Natchez and New Orleans. The father of the children, Benjamin Farrar Young, was a prominent and wealthy plantation owner in Wilkinson County, MS, with strong family and business ties to Louisiana. His portrait is included in the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in the State of Louisiana's book Louisiana Portraits.
It is believed that Edouart created over a thousand silhouettes, almost all full body images with no embellishments save an occasional line in graphite. It was his custom to create two of every cutting, one for the sitter and another, carefully annotated, to be stored in his reference folios. Upon his return trip to England in 1849, his ship was wrecked off the coast of Guernsey. Though there was no loss of life, all but 14 of his folios were destroyed. Devastated by this loss, Edouart gave the remaining folios to a family friend and returned to France. He never cut another silhouette.
A 1913 exhibition of Edouart's American silhouettes held in New York City included the portraits of the Young children.
References: E. Nevill Jackson. The History of Silhouettes, The Connoisseur: London, 1921. Arthur S. Vernay Gallery, New York. Exhibition Catalog- American Silhouettes by August Edouart, 1913.
Image Of Lot 0415

Image Of Lot 0415

Image Of Lot 0415

415. Anthony Meucci (Italian, late 18th/early 19th c., active New Orleans, 1818-1827), "Portrait of Pascuala Concepción Muñoz Castrillón, mother of José Maria Córdoba of Ayacucho", c. 1830, gouache on ivory miniature, signed "A. Meucci, Pinxet" lower left, 3 1/2 in. x 2 1/2 in., in an ornate period hand-carved wood frame. $3000/5000
Provenance: Descended in the family of the sitter.
Note: This large and impressive miniature represents the mother of the celebrated hero of the Wars for Independence of Colombia, Jose Maria Cordoba. It was painted when Meucci left New Orleans for Havana and the Colombian coast, where he arrived in 1830. It is enlivened by a view of the sea, and may have been painted with reference to Pascuala's surviving house in Barbosa (the province of Antigua has a brief area of coastline). Two of the most impressive of Meucci's works on paper--a Washington and a Lafayette--were sold in Neal Auction Company's salerooms on December 3, 2005.
Image Of Lot 0494

Image Of Lot 0494

494. Jean-Urban Guérin (French, 1760-1836), "Lady with a Jeweled Headdress", miniature watercolor on ivory, signed lower right, old period inscription en verso, 3 1/2 in. x 3 in., in an attractive gilt frame. $800/1200
Note: The son of an engraver, Guérin was a popular and successful miniaturist who was equally admired by the French Court of Louis XVI and the Republic of Napoleon Bonaparte. Born in Strasbourg, Guérin spent most of his life in Paris, fleeing briefly during the Terror to join the army of Louis Desaix. His sitters included such luminaries as Georgiana, the Duchess of Devonshire, Marie Antoinette, Talleyrand, Empress Josephine, and Napoleon.Reference: Bénézit. Dictionnaire des Peintres, Librairie Grund, 1976, vol. V, p. 271.
Image Of Lot 0495

Image Of Lot 0495

495. Moritz Michael Daffinger (Austrian, 1790-1849)., "Lady with an Ermine Stole", miniature watercolor on ivory, signed lower right, 2 1/2 in. x 2 1/8 in. oval, in an antique tortoiseshell frame. $800/1200
Note: One of the most popular and successful miniature artists of his day, Daffinger received his initial training from his father who was a painter at the Imperial Royal Porcelain Manufactory in Vienna. He later studied under Friedrich Heinrich Fuger (German, 1751-1818) at the Viennese Academy of Art. Daffinger was particularly admired by the Austrian Imperial family; at one time they owned almost a thousand of his works. Daffinger was so admired by the public that his portrait was on the Austrian 20 schilling note until that currency ceased circulation with the emergence of the euro.Reference: Bénézit. Dictionnaire des Peintres, Librairie Grund, 1976, vol. III p. 318.
Image Of Lot 0751 751. A. L. Eckardt (German, late 19th/early 20th c.), "Portrait of a Father and Daughter", watercolor on ivory, signed and dated "1903" lower right, card en verso inscribed "A.L. Eckardt, Portrait-Maler, Für Elfenbein-Porzellan, Dresden, Bismarckplatz," 3 1/2 in. x 2 3/4 in., unframed. $500/700
Image Of Lot 0783

Image Of Lot 0783

Image Of Lot 0783

Image Of Lot 0783

783. Attributed to Charles Foot Taylor (English, fl. 1818-1853), "Portrait of Charlotte Would, Bath", miniature watercolor on ivory, unsigned, sitter identified en verso, old handwritten inscription reading "6 dozen min. for C.F. Taylor Esq. Bath" en verso of liner, 4 3/4 in. x 3 1/4 in., in a fine period wood frame. $300/500
Image Of Lot 0784 784. Continental School, early 19th c., "Portrait of a Russian General", miniature watercolor on ivory, illegibly signed lower right, inscribed "General Fessenboum" on backing paper, 3 in. x 2 1/4 in., framed. $200/400
Image Of Lot 0785

Image Of Lot 0785

785. French School, 19th c., "Portrait of Madame de Broise", miniature watercolor on ivory, sitter identified en verso of frame, unsigned, 2 3/4 in. x 2 in., framed. $200/300
Image Of Lot 0865

Image Of Lot 0865

865. English or American School, 19th c. "Portrait of a Woman with Pearls", miniature watercolor on ivory, dated 1805 lower right, woven hair and monogram of seed pearls en verso of liner, 3 in. x 2 1/4 in., framed. $200/300
Image Of Lot 0866 866. Otto Merkel (American/Pennsylvania, late 19th/early 20th c.)., "Woman with Décolletage", miniature watercolor on ivory, signed lower right, 3 1/2 in. x 2 5/8 in., in a gilt brass frame. $400/600
Image Of Lot 0918 918. Ambrose Duval (French, b. 1760, active New Orleans 1803-1835), "Portrait of a Young Man in Formal Dress", c. 1815, watercolor miniature on ivory, signed lower right, with a separate watercolor miniature on ivory of a floral still life between portrait and frame, 3 in. x 2 1/4 in., in a period gilt brass frame. $700/900
Note: The French born Duval was one of the most talented and successful miniaturists working and teaching in New Orleans in the early 19th century; his portrait of William Claiborne, the first Governor of Louisiana is considered a masterpiece of miniature portraiture.Duval also considered himself a naturalist and had an extensive collection of preserved birds, which he loaned to John James Audubon. Watercolors of several of these specimens were included in Audubon's famous Birds of America.
Reference: Mahé. Encyclopedia of New Orleans Artists. Historic New Orleans Collection. pp. 221, 222.
Image Of Lot 1155 1155. L. Dupre (French, 19th c.), "Portrait of a Woman with a Ruby, Pearl, and Emerald Diadem", miniature watercolor on ivory, signed lower right, 3 3/4 in. x 2 1/4 in., in a period frame. $300/500
Image Of Lot 1156 1156. Continental School, 19th c., "A Woman in Elizabethan Dress", miniature watercolor on ivory, unsigned, 3 1/8 in. x 2 1/2 in. oval, framed. $200/300
Image Of Lot 1157 1157. Continental School, 19th c., "Portrait of a Gentleman", miniature watercolor on ivory, signed "Guyold G" mid left, 2 3/4 in. x 1 3/4 in., in a fine period frame. $200/300
Image Of Lot 1158 1158. Virginia Reynolds (American/Chicago, 1866-1903), "Portrait of a Woman in an Ermine Lined Cape", miniature watercolor on ivory, signed and inscribed "Paris" lower right, 3 1/2 in. x 2 3/4 in., in a fine period frame. $200/300
Image Of Lot 1159 1159. Continental School, 19th c., "Portrait of a Woman in a Silk and Feathered Hat", miniature watercolor on ivory, unsigned, 3 1/2 in. x 2 1/2 in., in an attractive round gilt frame. $200/300
Image Of Lot 1160

Image Of Lot 1160

1160. American School, 19th c., "Portrait of a Gentleman", miniature watercolor on ivory, unsigned, lock of hair under glass en verso of frame, 2 3/4 in. x 2 1/4 in., in original frame, all set within a velvet lined presentation case. $200/300
Image Of Lot 1161 1161. German School, 19th c., "Portrait of the Young Beethoven", miniature watercolor on bone, signed "Scherrer" lower left, inscribed "Beethoven" on backing, 3 5/8 in. x 2 5/8 in. oval, in an ornate easel frame. $200/300
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